Laws of Cauldron

Crime and Punishment in Cauldron

THE OLD CODE
A number of laws still exist from the very founding of Cauldron. These are known as the old code, and are still followed today, though they are not entered in any of the official lawbooks available to the general public. These laws are listed below.

The Lord Mayor shall be considered noble and a Lord.
The Captain of the Guard shall be considered noble.
The Lord Mayor elected or reelected every 10 years by a noble council.
The Lord Mayor alone has the power to grant nobility.
The families of those named as nobles by the Lord Mayor shall remain noble in perpetuity.
The Lord shall be the patriarch of the family. The Lady shall be the matriarch of the family. Others of the family are considered Noble, but are not granted the title of Lord or Lady.
The family’s nobility is passed on through the patriarchy, to the eldest surviving male child. Only if all males are deceased shall a female become the ruling member of the family. Lords and Ladies are considered beyond reproach.

The Olde Law of Peers: Should the Captain of the Guard be considered to be unable to fulfill his duties, he may be challenged by any living member of the five eldest surviving families. If the challenger is victorious, he claims the position of Captain of the Guard. The Captain of the Guard is the only member of the nobility who may be challenged in such a manner, as his position is not that of a Lord, nor is he a hereditary member of the nobility.
Lords and Ladies may establish rules as they see fit, but may be overruled by the Lord Mayor.

THE NEW CODE

When accused of a crime, justice is swift. All those accused are held in cells until their case is heard, which always occurs within 24 hours of the initial arrest. The cases are heard by a tribunal consisting of three members. These three members are always the following:
The arresting officer.
The Captain of the Guard or his duly appointed representative. Captain Skellerang typically sits in on about 50% of cases himself.
The Lord Mayor or his duly appointed representative. Lord Mayor Severn Navalant typically sits only about 5% of cases, while his advisor Lord Thomas Vhalantru will sit in on about 25% of cases.

Many of the crimes here listed have degrees. A first degree offense is a crime against a non-citizen of Cauldron. A second degree offense is a crime against either a citizen of Cauldron or a non-citizen of Cauldron with a Patent of Nobility. A third degree offense is a crime against any citizen of Cauldron with a Patent of Nobility. Cauldron considers itself to have jurisdiction within the city of Cauldron, the caverns under the city, and any settlement within 1 days ride. It rarely, if ever, forces the jurisdiction for any crimes that take place outside the city proper; in fact, the settlements that fall within Cauldron’s jurisdiction often have their own justice code and would take offense to the city’s interference in their own matters.

CRIMES

Aid and Abet: A person who helps another commit a crime or escape from prosecution is guilty of aiding and abetting. The degree of this crime is directly related to the degree of the crime committed by another.

Arson: The act of setting fire to a building. The degree of this crime is related to the status of the victim as described above. Setting fire to any building owned primarily by the city of Cauldron (or any of the surrounding villages) is considered a third degree crime. Setting a wildfire is considered a second degree crime. Arson charges are also brought forth for any vandalism charge which endangers the ability of the structure to remain whole.

Assault: Attacking another just to hurt them. The degree of this crime is directly related to the status of the victim.

Blackmail: Using a secret of another in order to extort money or concessions out of them. The degree of this crime is directly related to the status of the victim. In addition, a Restoration punishment may be levied if the tribunal believes it to be necessary.

Bribery: The act of offering money to a public official, such as a city guard or tax collector. There is only one degree to this crime.

Debauchery: Any public display of lewdness. A first degree debauchery crime is called for relatively minor infractions; in fact, during the Flood Festival, all first degree debauchery crimes are overlooked. A second degree crime would be items such as public nudity. A third degree crime would be a public sexual act. Items such as prostitution or public drunkenness would also be included in the debauchery listing (usually corresponding with disturbing the peace charges as well). Certain professions can gain a license which excuses them for any acts of debauchery performed while working.

Disturbing the Peace: A person who performs an act which would disturb the general peace of the city is guilty of this crime. The description of crime is left vague, and is often subject to relative interpretation by the tribunal. There is only one degree to this crime.

Extenuating Circumstances: This is generally left up to the tribunal, though the charges are often brought forth with the extenuating circumstances listed with the charges. The tribunal decides if the circumstances are enough to warrant leeway on the punishments.

Harboring a Fugitive: Anyone who lets a wanted criminal reside within their residence or place of business is guilty of this crime. The degree of this crime is directly related to the crime committed by the fugitive.

Hostility: This charge is brought before the tribunal the least. There is no first degree to this charge, but second and third degree hostility charges are related to the status of the victim. Only those with patents of nobility can press forth this charge. A crime of hostility typically means that the accused has verbally or emotionally abused the victim. Slander, libel, stalking, mockery, and parodies often fall under this category.

Kidnapping: This is defined as capturing and imprisoning someone who is not guilty of any crime and does not wish to be held. The degree of this crime is directly related to the status of the victim. If multiple charges are brought, the punishments may be pushed higher up the scale; the minimum punishment is that of the highest status victim.

Murder: Killing an individual. The degree of this crime is related to the status of the victim. This charge is the only charge which will allow a person to be held longer than 24 hours before a hearing is held. This situation only occurs if the presiding tribunal at the time reasonably believes the slain individual might be returned to life.

Murder pro Tempor: Killing an individual who is restored to life within one week of being slain. The degree of this crime is related to the status of the victim.

Rape: Forcing a sexual experience upon another. The degree of this crime is related to the status of the victim.

Resistance: A number of minor crimes fall into this category. Resisting arrest, refusing to divulge information, obstruction of justice, and other such events all fall under resistance. There is only one degree of this crime.

Sedition: Anything which endangers the welfare of Cauldron or its citizens is a crime of Sedition. Examples of this would be performing a ritual which would raise the waters of the central lake, or summoning a terrible beast within the city limits. A second degree sedition charge endangers a large portion of the population (such as summoning an uncontrolled demon within the city limits). A third degree sedition charge endangers the entire city (leading a foreign army to the city, or forcing a great wyrm to attack.

Tax Evasion: Refusal to pay the tax collectors of the city. There is only one degree to this crime. If the tax and fine are not paid, the fine automatically advances one step every year for which the tax remains unpaid, in addition to accruing further tax bills.

Theft: The act of taking or dealing in goods that rightfully belongs to another. The degree of this crime is directly related to the status of the victim.

Vandalism: Defacing or otherwise damaging a building without threat of destruction. The degree of this crime is related to the status of the victim; vandalizing a public building is a third degree crime.

The tribunal has final say on all guilt and punishment decrees, and may choose to follow or ignore these guidelines as they see fit. There are no appeals in the justice system of Cauldron.

PUNISHMENTS

Banishment: The criminal is forced to leave Cauldron and the environs for a period of time. His description is posted in all taverns, public buildings, and gatehouses of the city. If he returns within the period of time described, his punishment is replaced with a Hard Labor punishment of one step higher with no time served.

Minor: 0-6 months
Small: 6 months-2 years
Moderate: 2-10 years
Heavy: 10-50 years
Extravagant: Life

Death: The criminal is put to death. There is no law which states that the deceased criminal may not be brought back to life, but the degree of death makes it increasingly harder and more expensive to be restored.

Moderate: Hanging
Heavy: Beheading
Extravagant: Draw & Quarter, Cremated

Fine: The criminal must pay an amount of money as determined by the tribunal. Note that the maximum small fine could equal an entire year’s taxes for a typical commoner, to whom these fines are focused on. PC’s would have little trouble with most fines levied.

Minor: 1c – 1s
Small: 1s – 1g
Moderate: 1g – 1p
Heavy: 1p – 10p
Extravagant: 10p or more

Flagellation: The criminal is whipped. Typically a leather braided cord is used for the whip, but in certain cases the tribunal may decide that more severe measures are needed. In cases such as those, other whip-like items may be used, such as chains, cat-o-nine tails, and in one recorded extravagant instance a heavy flail.

Minor: 1 – 5 lashes
Small: 6 – 20 lashes
Moderate: 21 – 50 lashes
Heavy: 51 – 100 lashes
Extravagant: 100+ lashes

Hard Labor: The criminal is sent to a guarded work camp, where he works on back-breaking tasks for at least 12 hours a day. Some examples of hard labor sentences are salt or coal mines, wood harvesting, or quarry muling (where they criminal must work with others to carry stones up slopes too steep for animals).

Minor: 0-4 weeks
Small: 1-6 months
Moderate: 6 months-2 years
Heavy: 2-25 years
Extravagant: 26-100 years

Imprisonment: The criminal is locked in a cell within Cauldron. All sentences of Small or larger are served in a prison underneath the primary guardhouse. Others may occasionally be held in gatehouses or even house arrest (common for Special imprisonment sentences).

Minor: 0-6 months
Small: 6 months-2 years
Moderate: 2-25 years
Heavy: 25-100 years
Extravagant: Life

Public Display: The punishment is made public knowledge or spectacle. In the case of flagellation, the whipping is done in a public forum, usually by the Lakeside Pavilion. Other punishments are typically written on special notices and placed in public places throughout the city. Banishment crimes automatically come with a Public Display.

Restoration: The criminal is forced to pay the victim an amount of money corresponding to the loss received. In cases of arson, theft, or vandalism, this is typically the cost to replace the items relating to the crime. In the cases of death, it is the cost of a resurrection spell chosen by the victim (though there are limits to this cost). If the criminal is unable to pay the restoration cost, he is instead sentenced to hard labor for 1 week for each gold piece fined, and the city pays the victim’s restoration cost.

Punishment by Degree

First Degree (a crime against a non-citizen of Cauldron)

Aid and Abet – Minor Fine
Arson – Minor Imprisonment, Restoration
Assault – Minor Flagellation
Blackmail – Small Fine
Bribery – Small Fine, Special Imprisonment
Debauchery – Minor Flagellation, Public Display
Disturbing the Peace – Small Fine
Harboring a Fugitive – Minor Imprisonment
Kidnapping – Minor Hard Labor, Moderate Fine
Murder – Moderate Imprisonment
Murder pro Tempor – Small Imprisonment, Restoration (Maximum cost of 1500g)
Rape – Moderate Hard Labor, Moderate Fine
Resistance – Moderate Fine
Sedition – Moderate Flagellation, Public Display
Tax Evasion – Restoration, Minor Fine, Special Imprisonment
Theft – Restoration, Minor Imprisonment
Vandalism – Restoration, Small Fine

Second Degree (a crime against either a citizen of Cauldron or a non-citizen of Cauldron with a Patent of Nobility)

Aid and Abet – Moderate Fine, Minor Imprisonment
Arson – Major Imprisonment, Restoration
Assault – Moderate Flagellation, Public Display
Blackmail – Moderate Fine
Debauchery – Minor Hard Labor, Minor Flagellation, Public Display
Harboring a Fugitive – Moderate Imprisonment, Small Fine
Hostility – Moderate Flagellation
Kidnapping – Moderate Hard Labor, Heavy Fine
Murder – Moderate Death, Heavy Banishment
Murder pro Tempor – Moderate Imprisonment, Heavy Banishment, Restoration (Maximum cost of 5500g)
Rape – Heavy Hard Labor, Heavy Fine
Sedition – Heavy Flagellation, Moderate Banishment, Public Display
Theft – Restoration, Moderate Imprisonment
Vandalism – Restoration, Moderate Fine

Third Degree (a crime against any citizen of Cauldron with a Patent of Nobility)

Aid and Abet – Heavy Fine, Moderate Imprisonment
Arson – Extravagant Imprisonment, Restoration
Assault – Extravagant Flagellation, Public Display, Small Hard Labor
Blackmail – Minor Imprisonment, Extravagant Fine
Debauchery – Moderate Hard Labor, Moderate Flagellation, Public Display
Harboring a Fugitive – Heavy Imprisonment, Moderate Fine
Hostility – Heavy Flagellation, Public Display
Kidnapping – Extravagant Hard Labor, Extravagant Fine, Minor Flagellation, Public Display
Murder – Moderate Flagellation, Heavy Death, Extravagant Banishment, Public Display
Murder pro Tempor – Restoration, Moderate Death, Extravagant Banishment, Public Display
Rape – Extravagant Hard Labor, Extravagant Banishment, Public Display
Sedition – Extravagant Death, Extravagant Banishment, Public Display
Theft – Restoration, Heavy Imprisonment, Public Display
Vandalism – Restoration, Heavy Fine, Public Display

Laws of Cauldron

The City of Cauldron dpkress